What is the flu?

The flu is a respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus.

What are the signs and symptoms of the Flu?

  • Fever or feeling feverish/chills
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Runny and stuffy nose
  • Muscle and body aches
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • May have vomiting and diarrhea (more common in children)

How is the flu spread?

  • The flu is spread mainly from person to person by coughing, sneezing or talking to someone who has the flu.
  • It can be spread by touching something that has the flu virus such as a doorknob or telephone and then touching your nose, mouth or eyes.

Who is at a greater risk for catching the flu?

  • People who reside in long-term care facilities.
  • Healthcare workers.
  • Persons who have asthma, cerebral palsy, COPD, cystic fibrosis, sickle cell, HIV-AIDS, kidney and liver disease, diabetes and obesity.

When is someone with the flu contagious?

  • The flu can be passed onto someone else before the person with the flu even knows they are sick.
  • Someone with the flu can infect someone with the virus beginning one day before they develop symptoms.
  • The flu can be spread 5 to 7 days after becoming sick.

How can you prevent getting the flu?

  • The single best way to preventing seasonal flu is to get vaccinated.
  • Wash your hands often.
  • Cover your cough.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
  • Try to avoid close contact with sick people.

Who should get the flu shot?

  • Everyone over the age of 6 months, with the exception of those who have had a bad reaction to the flu shot in the past or if you have had a fever that day.
  • Pregnant women can receive the flu vaccination. (consult your obstetrician)


  1. Get Vaccinated!
  2. Frequent hand washing!
  3. Cover your cough or sneeze!  


Reference:  www.cdc.gov